Nyarlathotep, also known as the Crawling Chaos, is a malign deity in the Cthulhu Mythos fictional universe created by H.P. Lovecraft. First appearing in Lovecraft's 1920 prose poem of the same name, he was later mentioned in other works by Lovecraft and by other writers and in the tabletop roleplaying games making use of the Cthulhu Mythos. Later writers describe him as one of the Outer Gods.
Nyarlathotep differs from the other beings in a number of ways. Most of them are exiled to stars, like Yog-Sothoth and Hastur, or sleeping and dreaming like Cthulhu; Nyarlathotep, however, is active and frequently walks the Earth in the guise of a human being, usually a tall, slim, joyous man. Most of them have their own cults serving them, while Nyarlathotep seems to serve them and take care of their affairs in their absence. Most of them use strange alien languages, while Nyarlathotep uses human languages and can be mistaken for a human being. Finally, most of them are all powerful yet purposeless, yet Nyarlathotep seems to be deliberately deceptive and manipulative, and even uses propaganda to achieve his goals. In this regard, he is probably the most human-like among them.
- Nyarlathotep by H.P. Lovecraft
- The Other Gods by H.P. Lovecraf
- Under The Pyramids (Imprisoned with the Pharaohs) by H.P. Lovecraft
- The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath' by H.P. Lovecraft
- Fungi from Yuggoth by H.P. Lovecraft
- The Dreams in the Witch-House by H.P. Lovecraft
- The Haunter of the Dark by H.P. Lovecraft
- The Dweller in Darkness by August Derleth
- The Insects From Shaggai by Ramsey Campbell